Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
DA LAT – DREAM CITY
Da Lat lies on Lam Vien plateau, in the Central Highland province of Lam Dong, 300 kilometres north of Ho Chi Minh City. Da Lat is a well-known city (1) ______ all the people who have been there once. Da Lat is known (2) ____ a city of pine trees, waterfalls and flowers. Da Lat is described as a forest of flowers with (3)____ colours and various species. Flowers can be found (4) _____ and in any season. We can see flowers in Da Lat in the parks, (5) _____ of the houses, in the gardens etc. Da Lat has the widest range of orchid varieties in the country. Da Lat has (6) ________ rivers and canals but it has many picturesque waterfalls. It takes tourists several days (7) _____ all the waterfalls in the area. The famous Cam Ly Falls is only 3 kilometres (8) ______ the town centre. The Prenn Falls is 10 kilometres in the south of Da Lat. The water (9) ______ down like a white shade. Da Lat people are very (10) ______ of it. They always boast to tourists about it in the first place. Around the Prenn Falls is the valley of various flowers and pine hills.
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
SON DOONG CAVE
Located in the limestone mountains of Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park, Son Doong Caves was first found in 1991 by Ho Khanh, a local man. In 2009, the cave was explored and published by a group of scientists from British Cave Research Association. Son Doong Cave was formed from 2 to 5 million years ago, when the river flowed through the limestone mountain area and was buried. The water eroded limestone and created an underground tunnel. In soft limestone areas, the collapse of tunnel ceiling formed large holes which became giant domes afterward. The cave is about 200m high, 200m wide and at least 8.5 km long. Especially, Son Doong consists of two entrances, which is unique among explored caves in Phong Nha ~ Ke Bang National Park. Exploring the cave, visitors were surprised with spectacular scenery of numerous stalactites of which some giant stalagmites are more than 70 metres high. Deep inside the cave exists a grandiose tropical jungle called “Garden of Eden” by the explorers. The jungle is home to diversified system of fauna and flora. Besides, the cave possesses a 2.5-kilometre underground river. Not far from the “Garden of Eden” lies an enormous “pearl collection” consisting of tens of thousands of small stone pieces in dry ponds, contributing to magnificent beauty of the cave.
Một số từ vựng:
- explore (v): khám phá
- flow (v): chảy
- erode (v): làm xói mòn
- collapse (n): sự sụp đổ
- entrance (n): lối vào
- diversified system of fauna and flora: hệ thống động thực vật đa dạng và phong phú