LUYỆN CHỦ ĐỀ Kiểm tra – Unit 6 Lớp 10



VẬN DỤNG (22%)

  • 1Làm xong biết đáp án, phương pháp giải chi tiết.
  • 2Học sinh có thể hỏi và trao đổi lại nếu không hiểu.
  • 3Xem lại lý thuyết, lưu bài tập và note lại các chú ý
  • 4Biết điểm yếu và có hướng giải pháp cải thiện

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

An advocate for Kenyan women and environment

        Wangari Maathai has become an international (26) ______  because of her persistence in the struggle for democracy, human rights and environmental conservation. Maathai is best known for her efforts to develop the Green Belt Movement, an organization that focuses on planting trees to protect the environment and improve the (27)______ of life. Because of her efforts, Maathai was (28) ______     the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004.

        In 1976, Wangari Maathai became active in the National Council of Women of Kenya. While she was serving as the chairwoman in the National Council of Women, she began to found an organization that encouraged women’s groups to plant trees in order to conserve the environment. It was this small effort that has (29) ______  women in planting more than 20 million trees on farms, schools, and churches. This effort eventually became known (30) ______ the charitable organization (31)______  the Green Belt Movement.

        Wangari Maathai has become very important to the people of Kenya, Africa and the international (32) ______. Because of her active role in the environment and the Green Belt Movement, more than 20 million trees have been planted, numerous other countries have begun tree planting programmes, and women all over the world have been helped by the example that she (33) ______. As noted by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, she has served as an “(34) ______  for many in the fight for democratic rights and has especially encouraged women to (35) ______ their situation.”

Read the passage below and choose one correct answer for each question.

       Tawakkol Karman was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011 in recognition of her work in non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in Yemen.

      Tawakkol was born  in 1979 in Taiz, Yemen’s third largest city. She studied a degree in Commerce from the University of Science and Technology in Sana’a before completing another degree in Political Science from the University of Sana.

      Growing up in a country with political uncertainty, Tawakkol witnessed the unification of North and South Yemen in 1990, followed by a civil war in 1994 in which the North gained victory over the South.

      As a journalist and human rights activist, Tawakkol responded to the political instability and human rights abuses in Yemen by organizing others and reporting injustices. In 2005, she founded the organization Women Journalists Without Chains (WJWC) which supports rights and freedoms and provides media skills to journalists. In addition, the organization releases regular reports in human rights abuses in Yemen, recording more than 50 cases of attacks and unfair sentences against newspapers and writers so far.

      In 2007, Tawakkol began organizing weekly protests in Yemen’s capital, Sana’a, aiming at calling for inquiries into social and legal injustice. Tawakkol’s weekly protests continued until 2011 when she redirected protesters to support the Arab Spring. Tawakkol even brought Yemen’s revolution to New York speaking directly with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and organizing public meetings at the UN headquarters.

       Brave and outspoken, Tawakkol has been imprisoned on a number of occasions for her opposition movement for human rights. She is known as “Mother of the Revolution”, and “The Iron Woman”.

       Since receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, she has continued to support female journalists and encouraged people in Yemen to ask for social justice and human rights. Fiercely committed to change, Tawakkol spends the majority of her time in a tent in Change Square, where she continues her peaceful protest for justice and freedom.