A The Buddha of the Poor
More than 26,000 children now have bright (1) _____ faces after receiving free operations. About 173,000 poor people received free treatment to regain their vision, and nearly 3,400 deaf children were given hearing aids. These are part of the (2) _______ of the Ho Chi Minh Association for Support of Poor Patients, launched and run by Mr. Nguyen Vinh Nghiep.
Mr Nghiep, the former Chairman of the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City, retired in 1992, and (3) ______ his Association two years later. Together with his former colleagues, Mr Nghiep has (4) _____ billions of VND from individual (5) _______ and organizations to support more than a million poor people nationwide through seven major (6) _____ programmes, such as “For the children’s smile”, “Bringing light to poor blind people and blind children from birth”, “Sound and Voice for Deaf and Dumb Children”, “Wheelchairs for people with disabilities and paralysed children”.
The “Free meals for patients and their relatives” programme has offered over 2.6 million free meals to poor people in 10 hospitals. Mr Nghiep said, “Helping one person to gain their (7)_______ means bringing happiness to him or herself, freeing two or three more people from (8) _____ of the patient, and more importantly, building (9) ________ for poor patients in society.”
In 2002, Mr Nghiep, (10) _______ “The Buddha of the Poor”, was given the national title of Labor Hero in the Renewal Process, and his Association received the title in 2005.
Think Globally, Act Locally
Wangari Maathai was the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004. She was also the first female scholar from East and Central Africa to take a doctorate (in biology), and the first female professor ever in her home country of Kenya. Maathai played an (26) _______ part in the (27) _______ for democracy in Kenya.
As a young girl in Kenya, she was surrounded by a rich, beautiful forest. As she saw the forest being cut down, she understood how the lack of forests (28) _______ farming and life more difficult for her (29) ______ . People fought over water and over food. She decided to plant nine seedlings and as the trees grew, she had her plans to plant trees for (30) _____ .
In 1977, she (31) ______ a movement aimed at opposing the deforestation that was threatening the means of subsistence of the agricultural population. The campaign (32) _______ women to plant trees in their local environments and to think ecologically. The so- called Green Belt Movement spread to other African countries, and (33) ______ to the planting of over thirty million trees.
Maathai’s Green Belt Movement for African women was not limited in its vision to work (34) _______ sustainable development, she saw tree – planting in a broader perspective which included democracy, (35) _______, international solidarity, as in the words of the Noel Committee “She thinks globally and acts locally.”