LUYỆN CHỦ ĐỀ Reading điền từ: Gender Equality Lớp 10



VẬN DỤNG (16%)


  • 1Làm xong biết đáp án, phương pháp giải chi tiết.
  • 2Học sinh có thể hỏi và trao đổi lại nếu không hiểu.
  • 3Xem lại lý thuyết, lưu bài tập và note lại các chú ý
  • 4Biết điểm yếu và có hướng giải pháp cải thiện

Gender roles develop through internalization and (1) ____ during childhood. Sigmund Freud suggested that biology determines gender identity through identification with either the mother (2)______ the father. While some people agree with Freud, others (3) ____ that the development of the “gendered self” is not completely determined by biology, but rather the interactions that one has with the primary caregiver(s).

From birth, parents (4) ____ differently with children depending on their sex, and through this interaction parents can instill different values or traits in their children on the basis of what is (5) ____ for their sex. This internalization of gender norms includes the choice of toys (“feminine” toys often reinforce interaction, nurturing, and closeness, “masculine” toys often reinforce independence and competitiveness) that a parents give to their children. Education also plays an (6) ____ role in the creation of gender norms.

Gender roles that are created in childhood may permeate throughout life and help to structure (7) ____ and marriage, especially in relation to work in and outside home. Despite the increasing number of women in the labor (8) ____, women are still responsible for the majority of domestic chores and childcare. While women split their time between work and care of the home, men in many societies are pressured into being the primary economic supporter of the home. (9) ____ the fact that different households may divide chores more evenly, there is evidence supporting the fact that women have retained the primary caregiver role within familial life despite contributing economically to the household. This evidence suggest that women (10) ____ work outside the home often put an extra 18 hours a week doing household or childcare related chores as opposed to men who average 12 minutes a day in childcare activities.

Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.

An advocate for Kenyan women and environment

        Wangari Maathai has become an international (26) ______  because of her persistence in the struggle for democracy, human rights and environmental conservation. Maathai is best known for her efforts to develop the Green Belt Movement, an organization that focuses on planting trees to protect the environment and improve the (27)______ of life. Because of her efforts, Maathai was (28) ______     the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004.

        In 1976, Wangari Maathai became active in the National Council of Women of Kenya. While she was serving as the chairwoman in the National Council of Women, she began to found an organization that encouraged women’s groups to plant trees in order to conserve the environment. It was this small effort that has (29) ______  women in planting more than 20 million trees on farms, schools, and churches. This effort eventually became known (30) ______ the charitable organization (31)______  the Green Belt Movement.

        Wangari Maathai has become very important to the people of Kenya, Africa and the international (32) ______. Because of her active role in the environment and the Green Belt Movement, more than 20 million trees have been planted, numerous other countries have begun tree planting programmes, and women all over the world have been helped by the example that she (33) ______. As noted by the Norwegian Nobel Committee, she has served as an “(34) ______  for many in the fight for democratic rights and has especially encouraged women to (35) ______ their situation.”