Choose the best answer to complete the passage.
There are hundreds of charitable (1) ________ in the U.K. Oxfam is one of them. Oxfam shops sell second-hand clothes, shoes, jewellery, toys and so on. These shops are run by volunteers, people of all ages, and the items sold there come from donations from people (2) ________ want to collaborate and get rid of things they don't need.
The word "Oxfam" stands (3) ________ Oxford Committee for Famine Relief. It started in 1942, when an Anglican cleric, a retired Indian Colonial Service officer and a Jewish refugee from Germany met. Their concern was the misery and the starvation in Europe (4) ________ by the war. Sometimes Oxfam helps by sending money to community groups and organizations; it organizes training to help people learn new skills or sets up workshops (5) ________ people can get together to talk about their problems and find solutions. It also gives advice, encourages the use of local radio and puts groups in different countries in (6) ________ so that they can learn from each (7) ________. Oxfam also helps people to survive in emergencies, by supplying materials to make shelters, blankets, clean water and (8) ________.
One of the (9) ________ things about Oxfam is the way it "helps people to help themselves". This means that not only it provides people from poorer countries with money but it (10) ________ trains them to be self-sufficient.
A The Buddha of the Poor
More than 26,000 children now have bright (1) _____ faces after receiving free operations. About 173,000 poor people received free treatment to regain their vision, and nearly 3,400 deaf children were given hearing aids. These are part of the (2) _______ of the Ho Chi Minh Association for Support of Poor Patients, launched and run by Mr. Nguyen Vinh Nghiep.
Mr Nghiep, the former Chairman of the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City, retired in 1992, and (3) ______ his Association two years later. Together with his former colleagues, Mr Nghiep has (4) _____ billions of VND from individual (5) _______ and organizations to support more than a million poor people nationwide through seven major (6) _____ programmes, such as “For the children’s smile”, “Bringing light to poor blind people and blind children from birth”, “Sound and Voice for Deaf and Dumb Children”, “Wheelchairs for people with disabilities and paralysed children”.
The “Free meals for patients and their relatives” programme has offered over 2.6 million free meals to poor people in 10 hospitals. Mr Nghiep said, “Helping one person to gain their (7)_______ means bringing happiness to him or herself, freeing two or three more people from (8) _____ of the patient, and more importantly, building (9) ________ for poor patients in society.”
In 2002, Mr Nghiep, (10) _______ “The Buddha of the Poor”, was given the national title of Labor Hero in the Renewal Process, and his Association received the title in 2005.