Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Visitors to Viet Nam would like to learn the long history and rich culture. If you are keen on visiting a place without (1) ______ the environment at the same time, think about taking a bicycle tour and you will find you are rewarded with a very special ecotourism experience.
There are many different cycle trips you can (2) ______ but a particular favourite one is the tour of the Mekong Delta. The Mekong Delta has a rich (3) ______ of culture and tradition and you can see this (4) ______ you slowly travel through this very distinct part of the world. Vietnamese and Khmer people live alongside Chinese communities, and they all rely on the (5) ______ plains and tributaries of the majestic Mekong River. It is here that many of the villagers use bicycles to (6) ______.
Being on a bicycle doesn't mean you will miss out on many of the extra activities and adventures. You can park your bike and enjoy a trip out to one of the floating villages (7) ______ people survive by fish farming or you can take an early boat to a floating market to purchase your food and supplies for the day.
There are plenty of tour operators who will (8) ______your journey and lodgings for you as well as carry your excess baggage, or you can (9) ______ of all this yourself and follow the road less travelled.
This mode of travel means you can really experience the very features of the Mekong Delta and Viet Nam and know that you are leaving behind only your tyre (10) ______.
Read the following passage and choose the best answer to each question.
As most potential ecotourist sites are inhabited by ethnic minorities, the principle of “encouraging community participation in ecotourism activities” should both create income and help maintain cultural identity. These communities have a deep understanding of traditional festivals, cultivation and land use customs, traditional lifestyle and handicrafts, and historical places. A trip to the limestone mountain of Cao Bang - Bac Kan, for example, is valuable not only for the Ba Be Lake, but for the opportunity to learn about cultivation customs, dying practices using endemic plants to produce brocading, and traditional handmade boats of precious timber collected in the forest.
Because ecotourism is important for environmental education, maintenance of indigenous culture, and local economic development, both investment and government encouragement are required.
One research shows that 90 percent of ecotourist guides lack environmental knowledge about the flora, fauna, and natural resources in the area, and 88 percent would benefit from ecotourism guidebooks written especially for them. An illustration of wasted potential caused by this lack of training is Ha Long Bay, a world heritage site with immense environmental value - coral reefs, limestone mountains, thousands of flora and fauna species of high biodiversity, and rich cultural identity. But tourists in Ha Long Bay are presently visiting only the Bay and some caves, not accessing environmental information or local cultural activities. In general, the full potential of ecotourism has not yet been reached.
International visitors to Viet Nam often like to visit ethnic minority villages to observe the culture, meet local people, and participate in traditional activities. The ethnic minorities who live in or near nature reserves maintain distinctive lifestyles, cultural identities, and traditional customs. These features are part of the real value of ecotourism. However, local people are not much involved in ecotourism.
In addition, local people still live in poverty, their life closely associates with natural resources. The economic benefits of ecotourism need to be shared with them, but this will not happen without community participation.