IV. Read the following passage and choose the best answer for each blank.
When Tho was born 10 years ago in Da Nang, Viet Nam, he was diagnosed with cerebral palsy - a medical condition (26) ______ from abnormal brain development that affects muscle coordination and movement. Since Tho was born, his father has worked as a bricklayer and his mother stays at home to care for Tho and his three (27) ______. Although Tho’s physical development had progressed through physical therapy, his parents did not think he could (28) ______ from schooling.
In June 2014, the “Persons with Disabilities Support Programme” worked with commune leadership to persuade Tho’s parents to try (29)______ him in nearby Pham Hong Thai Primary School. As part of its broader effort to expand (30) ______ to education for school – age children with disabilities not enrolled in schools, the project covered Tho’s school fees, meal allowance, uniforms, school bag and other school supplies.
After a semester at Pham Hong Thai Primary School, Tho has (31) ______ significant progress, (32) ______ his first semester tests as well as his classmates. The project has worked with the school to create an individual education plan for Tho and train teachers so they can support his special needs while helping foster an encouraging learning (33) ______ for him at the school.
For more than two years, the project (34) ______ with local government social welfare agencies and NGOs to offer education opportunities to children with disabilities, (35) ______ by helping enroll children in special schools or providing alternative education for students unable to attend school.
V. Read the passage below and choose one correct answer for each question.
Approximately one in two thousand people in Viet Nam has a significant hearing loss. Students who have been deafened in early childhood can be very different to students who have lost hearing later in life in terms of educational disadvantage. For example, their range of vocabulary may be limited, which in turn may affect their level of English literacy.
Deaf and hard of hearing students can sometimes prefer visual learning strategies. This can be a challenge in an environment where much essential information is delivered exclusively by word of mouth.
Students with a hearing loss may need to use assistive technology to participate in class. This assistive technology can be the laptop where software such as Skype can be used to deliver interpreters or captioning. For some, it will be in the form of listening devices. For others, it will be a combination of technology that includes both listening devices and computer based software.
The impact of hearing loss can cause delays in receiving learning material. Students who need information transcribed from tape must sometimes wait for a significant period of time for this to happen. This needs to be considered in terms of developing suitable timelines for the completion of work for each student.
Students with hearing loss may appear isolated in the learning environment. The possibility for social contact and interaction with other students is often limited, and this isolation or separateness may have an impact on learning. Participation and interaction in tutorials may be limited. Students who cannot hear the flow and nuances of rapid verbal exchange will be at a disadvantage.