Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase.
Few people now realize the reality of global warming and its effects on the world’s climate. Many scientists (1) ______ the blame for recent natural disasters on the increase (2) ______ the world’s temperatures and are convinced that, more than ever before, the Earth is at (3) ______ from the forces of the wind, rain and sun. According to them, global warming is making extreme weather events, (4) ______ as hurricanes and droughts, even more (5) ______ and causing sea levels all around the world to (6) ______.
Environmental groups are putting (7) ______ on governments to take action to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide which is given (8) ______ by factories and power plants, thus attacking the problem at its source. They are in (9) ______ of more money being spent on research into solar, wind, and wave energy devices, which could then replace existing power (10) ______. It looks like global warming is here to stay.
Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.
Viet Nam Likely to Face Extreme Weather Conditions by 2050
Viet Nam is likely to continue facing extreme weather conditions such as higher temperatures, lower summer rainfalls, stronger storms, and rising sea levels from now to 2050. Temperatures in northern Viet Nam will rise by between 0.83 degrees Celsius by 2050 and continue its uptrend during the late 21st century. Summer rainfall will decline in most areas. Meanwhile, storms may become rarer but fiercer, causing possible flash floods and landslides in flood-prone areas of northern mountainous, central and central highland provinces. The forecasts suggest sea level rises of 100mm - 400mm along the entire Vietnamese coast by the end of the 21st century, affecting marine biodiversity and coastal communities. The experts emphasize the unpredictability of climate change and its potential impacts to create a variety of dangerous extreme weather events in the future.
To raise the public awareness of climate change impacts, the Vietnamese government urges concerned agencies to work together on devising worst-case scenario models and responses by 2020 and calls on international experts to further support Viet Nam in climate change adaptation. Climate change is a real threat to Viet Nam’s socio-economic development. If sea levels rose one meter, five percent of the country’s land, eleven percent of its population and seven percent of its farmland would be affected.