Read the following passage and mark the letter A,B,C or D to indicate the correct answer for each of the blanks.
The citadel of the Ho Dynasty was built according to the Feng Shui principles, (1) ____ the flowering of neo-Confucianism in the late 14th century in Viet Nam and its spread to other (2) _____ of East Asia. According to these principles, it was located in a landscape of great (3)______ beauty on an axis (4) _____ the Tuong Son and Don Son Mountains in a plain between the Ma and Buoi Rivers. In terms of architectural history, the citadel of the Ho Dynasty (5) ______ an important role in the planning and building of urban areas in Viet Nam. It shows the uniqueness (6) _____ the constmction of a citadel in general and a stone citadel in particular, and a breakthrough in Viet Nam’s tradition of citadel building.
Thanks to the unique construction techniques, all the (7) _____ stone sections are intact and have not been (8) _____ by time and weather or by recent urban encroachment. The citadel of the Ho Dynasty is an architectural (9) _____ of the 14th century with impressive architecture of the walls and other parts. The citadel buildings represent an outstanding example of a new (10) ______ of Southeast Asian imperial city with a combination between the Vietnamese architecture and the unique building techniques of Southeast Asia and Eastern Asian.
Read the text and choose the correct answer for each question below:
Ha Long Bay
Ha Long Bay is a group of offshore islands that is the best example of marine invaded limestone region in the world. The Bay holds over 1,600 islands and islets. There are caves and grottoes, with stalactites and stalagmites. Its limestone pillars are a unique natural feature of great scenic beauty and biological interest. The great extent and the richness of its forms set it apart from many other sites.
Ha Long Bay is an extremely popular destination both for foreigners and Vietnamese: already in the early 1990s it saw over 1 million visitors a year. It is unlikely that the number has decreased over the years - so there will always be about 3,000 other people in the Bay at the same time as you!
The natural beauty of the Bay lay hidden today under a very common fog. As I had already seen the similar karst landscape in China a couple of years before, I certainly said that I was blown away by the beauty of Ha Long Bay. We went onto one of the islands to visit the Surprising Cave - an indeed surprisingly big and beautiful cave with three hollow chambers. We saw some monkeys here too, just outside the cave exit.
Part of the tour was half an hour of kayaking - enough to paddle a full circle around the main area. The views from the kayak I found much more impressive than from the larger boat: you're so tiny then and the peaks rise sharply in front of you. I had a better look at the water too, and cannot say that I saw pollution by plastic or other junk floating around. There is a thin layer of oil on the water in some parts though.
And then it's time to get back in the bus to Ha Noi, another 3.5 hours. The tour was carried out well with good seafood for lunch and I had a satisfying day.