László Biró was born in Budapest in 1899. After he left school, he studied medicine at university, but he didn’t finish his studies. He did a number of different jobs and then became a journalist in the 1930s.He noticed that newspaper ink dried very quickly on the paper, and put the ink into his fountain pen. However, it didn’t work because the ink was very thick. He and his brother Gyõrgy then invented a new type of pen with a small ball at the end. The new pen worked with the thick ink. It quickly became popular all over the world. In 1939, Biró moved to Paris and then to Argentina. Biró invented many other things but the most important was the ball-point pen, or “biro”. László Biró died in Buenos Aires in 1985.
Emö Rubik’s father was an engineer and his mother was a poet. He was born in Budapest in 1944. After leaving school, he studied architecture and design at the Technical University. In the 1970s, he worked as an architect and in his spare time he invented a mechanical puzzle. Rubik called it the “Magic Cube”. It soon became popular in Hungary and the rest of Europe. In I975, he taught architecture, but he continued to invent puzzles. In the early 1980s, the cube became popular in the USA too, and got a new name: “Rubik’s Cube”. It is the world’s best- selling toy - some people say there are 300 million cubes in the world. Rubik became very rich and went on to invent many more games and puzzles.
Inventions Thai Changed Our World
People have been inventing things for years. Paper was invented about 2,000 years ago. The wheel was invented more than 5,000 years ago. What would life be like without paper to write on or bikes to ride? Those inventions have made life easier.
The Wright Brothers invented the first airplane in December 1903. That makes 2003 the 100th anniversary! Before the airplane was invented, most people traveled by cars, boats, and trains. Today, airplanes help people travel faster. How do airplanes help you?
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. Before the telephone was invented, people kept in touch by writing letters or talking in person. Today the telephone makes it easier for people to talk to one another. How do telephones help you?
The first four-wheeled gas-powered car was invented by Karl Benz in 1891. Before people had cars, they couldn’t travel easily. They walked or rode horses for short trips. They took trains or boats for long trips. Today cars are one of the main ways people travel. How do cars help you?
People worked for years to make the first Computer. It was built in 1946. The first Computer was called ENIAC. Today computers are an important part of many people’s lives. People use computers as tools to write, get information, and much more. How do computers help you?