Choose the correct answer A, B, C or D to complete the following passage.
NASA announced plans that are out of this world - literally! The space agency hopes to (1) _____ humans to the moon again by 2020. NASA hopes to make a giant leap - back to the moon. Back in 2005, the U.S. space agency announced its plan to send four astronauts to the moon (2) _____ the next 15 years.
NASA officials say the moon is just the first step. They hope future missions will take astronauts to Mars and beyond. “We will return to the moon no later than 2020 and extend the human presence across the (3) _____ system and beyond,” says Michael Griffin, the head of NASA. So far, the moon is the only place beyond Earth that humans have visited. At 226,000 miles away, the moon is Earth's (4) _______ space neighbour.
On July 20th, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first astronauts to land on the moon. They traveled there aboard Apollo 11. When Armstrong first set foot on the moon, he spoke these famous words: “That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” During NASA's Apollo program, 12 American astronauts explored the lunar terrain. The last U.S. trip to the moon (5) ______ in December 1972.
Read the passage and answer the following questions.
New Zealand is a small country in the southern Pacific Ocean. There are two main islands, the North Island and the South Island, as (1) _______ as many smaller islands. New Zealand is 268,000 square kilometres, about the same size as the United Kingdom.
There are four main cities. Auckland, in the north, is the largest city with a population (2) _______ over one million people. Auckland's population includes many different nationalities. For example, there are large groups of European, Maori, Pacific Island, Chinese and Indian people. Together with other smaller groups, they make Auckland an interesting and (3) _______ place to live.
Although Wellington is the capital, the centre of government, it is smaller and (4) _______ than Auckland with a population of 350,000. The main cities in the South Island are Christchurch, known as the Garden City, and Dunedin, which is often (5) _______ to a small Scottish city.
Read the passage and choose the correct answer for each blank.
No more teachers? No more books? For today's kids, the Internet has all the answers.
Gadgets come and go and most of them don't have a very long life. The Internet, (1) ______, seems to be here to stay. The World Wide Web is now the largest information (2) ______ in the world and teenagers can find more or less anything they want there. They can download music and films, watch TV, listen to the radio, send e-mails and even shop online.
In the United States for example, more than 78% of kids go online, according to a recent study. A lot of them are just surfing the Web and instant messaging their friends. But 94% of those online said they also used it (3) ______ schoolwork. This technology has allowed them to access a vast store of knowledge which was inaccessible before. With online tutoring and virtual schools, technology allows students to get specific help. It is also (4) _______ to be a part of a study group or discuss school projects with international e-mail pals. Perhaps more than anything, the Internet search engine Google has changed homework habits across the globe. But the problem is that it is so easy to “copy and paste” that teachers (5) ________ to change homework assignments or projects every year.
Read the passage and choose the correct answer to complete the passage.
A drought is a period or condition of unusually dry weather within a geographic area where rainfall is normally present. During a drought there is a (1) ______ of precipitation. Droughts occur in all climatic zones. However, its characteristics vary significantly (2) ______ one region to another.
Its (3) ________ depends on the degree of the water shortage, size of area affected, and the duration and warmth of the dry period. In many underdeveloped countries, such as India, people place a great demand on water supply. During a drought period (4) ________ is a lack of water, and thus many of the poor die.
(5) ________ drought cannot be reliably predicted, certain precautions can be taken in drought-risk areas. These include construction of reservoirs to hold emergency water supplies, education to avoid over cropping and overgrazing, and programs to limit settlement in drought-prone areas.
Read and choose the correct word from the box to complete the passage. There is an extra word.
The Internet is the world's largest computer network with over 100 million users worldwide (1) _______this number is doubling from year to year. Now, you can sit at your computer, choose a route and arrive at your destination - that is, the information you need. Today, from your computer, you can (2) _______a library in one country, talk to an expert on a certain topic in a second country and send your own information to someone doing research in a third. So, we don’t know what will be next (3) _____the not-too-distant future.
The Internet was born when scientists attempted to connect the American Defence Network to other satellite networks in order to exchange information. Soon, scientific and educational institutions as well as research departments became (4) ___in linking up, and, before long, the Internet had expanded into an international information and communication network.
The Internet now reaches all the countries in the world. You can be connected to the Internet directly through your own computer or you can hook up to an access system which allows you (5) ________some of the Internet’s services.