Cấu trúc câu chẻ

1. Câu chẻ nhấn mạnh chủ ngữ

It is/was + S (người) + who/that + V
 It is/was + S (vật) + that + V

Ex: 

- Mr. Hung teaches English at my school.

=> It is Mr Hung who/that teaches English at my school.

(Thầy Hùng dạy tiếng Anh ở trường tôi.)

- My dog made neighbors very scared.

=> It was my dog that made neighbors very scared.

(Con chó của tôi làm hàng xóm sợ.)

 

2. Câu chẻ nhấn mạnh tân ngữ

It is/was + O (người) + that/whom + S + V
 It is/was +O  (vật) + that + S + V

Ex:

- He gave his wife the whole confidential document.

=> It was his wife that/whom he gave the whole confidential document.

=> It was the whole confidential document that he gave his wife.

(Anh ấy đưa cho vợ mình toàn bộ tài liệu mật.)

 

3. Câu chẻ nhấn mạnh trạng ngữ

It is/was + cụm trạng ngữ + that + S + V

 

Ex:

They are going to hold their wedding party on the beach.

=> It is on the beach that they are going to hold their wedding party.

(Họ dự định tổ chức đám cưới trên bãi biển.)